“Green” transition in transport, logistics and intramodality at the core of the 6th Conftrasporto International Forum

The sixth edition of the Conftrasporto – Confcommercio international forum has been devoted to the theme of the “green” transition in transport, logistics and intramodality. The topic has been evaluated through two analysis presented during the opening of the Forum: the “Rapporto dell’Ufficio Studi di Confcommercio sui trasporti e la sostenibilità, which for the occasion has been published along the “Settimo numero dell’Osservatorio congiunturale dei Trasporti”, and the Isfort document entitled “Transizione ecologica dei Trasporti e della logistica e l’intermodalità. The green transition in Italy will directly affect, just for traditional sectors (supply chains linked to minerals and metals, wood, cars…), over 10% of the private companies’ employees.

In the last 30 years, road haulage has reduced CO2 emissions by 30% and only in 2021: 41.1% of companies declares that they have purchased vehicles with a lower environmental impact, the 1% of them performed less polluting actions, the 17% improved the vehicle’s load capacity. Nonetheless, 97% of trucks registered in 2020 are still diesel fuel-based and continue to pay disproportionate taxes for climate-altering emissions, while the era of green hydrogen is still a long way off.

In regard to the maritime sector, emissions from international freight transport decreased by nearly 7% from 2008 to 2018 notwithstanding a 34% increase in freight transported. We are moving towards the transition, but the course is uncertain. This is the current picture: only 12% of the ships currently under construction are powered by alternative fuels (mainly LNG). Road transport and maritime freight transport together represent a modal share of 90%, while a significant increase in road traffic is expected forcing an emission reduction of 80% by 2030. In addition, it is necessary to eliminate the bottlenecks that limit the competitiveness of the railway system: from the limits of the tracks in the terminals and the lack of electrification to the shortcomings of the “last mile” connections. Attention must be paid to relaunching all the logistical nodes that can generate commercial opportunities: ports and interports as well as terminals and railway connections. It is, in fact, necessary to develop conventional and combined rail traffic while PNRR’s resources are concentrated almost exclusively in passenger rail networks.

Intermodality

Beyond the means of transport, infrastructures and road connections remain the main issue. For Conftrasporto, the way forward is the development of intramodality through equipped terminals and state aid measures such as the marebonus / ferrobonus – perhaps to be developed in some operational aspects. The development of intramodality is an obligatory path that can guarantee benefits in terms of efficiency and sustainability of transport.

The PNRR

The recovery plan provides, along with national funds, for over 60 billion euros of resources for sustainable transport modes. Road transport and maritime freight transport together account for a modal share of 95%. In the coming years, a significant increase in road traffic is expected, which will force road transport to reduce emissions by 80% by 2030. The PNRR concentrates resources mainly on rail networks for passenger transport, not guaranteeing the development of integrated transport and logistics services that the country needs. A decisive change of pace is needed to favor intramodality, from motorways of the sea to combined railways.

***

 

SANGALLI: “SUSTAINABILITY MUST BE ENVIRONMENTAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL”

For the president of Confcommercio, “we need to strengthen the logistics and transport system to relaunch the entire country system”. “Our estimates indicate a GDP at 6.2% for 2021 and consumption at 5%”.

The president of Confcommercio, Carlo Sangalli, opened the sixth edition of the Conftrasporto International Forum. “Transport and logistics – argued Sangalli – first contributed to the resilience and then to economic recovery. And they did so despite obstacles and prohibitions, sometimes unreasonable as in the case of the Brennero”. Sangalli underlined that “the recovery of the economy is clear, while the problem is that we are racing to recover steadily the economic performance of 2019 and as regards consumption we will have to wait until 2023. There are also restraining factors such as inflation. Estimates indicate for 2021 a t oaf 6.2 and consumption t 5% “.

According to the president of Confcommercio, “the logistics and transport system must be strengthened. Over € 60 billion resources will be provided through the PNRR to the sector, although most of these resources are focused on upgrading the rail network for passenger transport while our country cannot renounce to a capillary network of intramodality. Sustainability is either environmental, economic and social or it is nothing. “The road transport sector does not intend to deny the need for change. Today, over 40% of companies have purchased vehicles with a lower environmental impact but more aid is needed for the renewal of the fleet”. We also need – added Sangalli – good infrastructures such as easily accessible ports and high speeds connections”. “In short – concluded Sangalli – a more sustainable and efficient transport system is necessary to relaunch the economy”.

***

UGGÈ: ” MORE RESOURCES TO THE INTERMODAL SYSTEM”

The president of Conftrasporto: “The strengthening of combined transport is necessary for the Country”.

The president of Conftrasporto, Paolo Uggè, during the opening press conference of the sixth Conftrasporto International Forum, reiterated a concept expressed several times regarding intramodality: “The green transition in logistics passes through the development of intramodality”. “Our request – added Uggè – is to give more resources to intramodality. “The enhancement of combined transport – concluded Uggè – is a necessity for the Country”.

***

FIRST PANEL: EXPORT KEY ELEMENT OF THE ITALIAN ECONOMY