Extend the exemption from the EU emissions trading system envisaged by the Fit for 55 to all island connections and the Motorways of the Sea in order to ensure the territorial continuity of citizens while increasing the environmental sustainability of the sector.
This has been demanded during the Naples Shipping Week by Matteo Catani, member of the Board of Directors of Assarmatori and President of the Cabotage and Motorways of the Sea Commission, and Alberto Rossi, Secretary General of the Association, also addressing an appeal to the Government that will be formed in the coming weeks.
The EU Parliament, in fact, has requested an exemption from the ETS for all maritime routes operating under public service obligations, while the Council has done the same for connections with the smaller islands. However, according to Assarmatori, this is not enough as «we must confirm this provision also in the final Directive – argued Matteo Catani – and ensure that all the island connections and those of the Motorways of the Sea also obtain the same exemption. Otherwise, the EU proportionality principle would be violated, given that Italy would be more penalized than other Member States given its dependence on maritime transport ”.
Our country, in fact, is the leader in the Mediterranean as regards Motorways of the Sea, with a market share of 37%. “To jeopardize this system, achieved also thanks to important instruments such as the Marebonus – added Alberto Rossi – would lead to modal change from the sea to the road”.
Another legislative proposal that ‘hangs’ over the role of the Motorways of the Sea is the application without corrective measures of the IMO’s CII (“Carbon Intensity Indicator”): the instrument provides a rating to ships from A to E. A recent study of RINA for Assarmatori showed that within three years, and therefore by 2025, the Italian fleet of ferries would be in crisis, with over 73% of ships not compliant with the standard and therefore potentially no longer able to sail. “It is necessary to change the metric – concluded Rossi – the CII in fact also takes into consideration the percentage of emissions produced during the stopover in port, thus drastically worsening the ratio between CO2 emitted and miles traveled. A specific corrective is therefore needed, as it will align the rating profile of the Italian ferry fleet to the global one”.