RINA, in collaboration with Assarmatori and Confitarma, presents the document “From today to 2050: between challenges and opportunities for the maritime industry”. This comprehensive study, representing the insights of the Italian RINA Committee dedicated to decarbonizing the maritime industry, aims to provide an overview of the current state of the sector and the potential solutions under consideration.
Through constructive discussions involving shipowners, shipyards, designers, and technology and fuel suppliers, the Committee has identified a homogeneous international regulatory system and collaborative efforts among industry stakeholders as the primary catalysts for achieving a significant reduction in CO2 emissions.
International shipping currently contributes less than 3% to global anthropogenic carbon emissions. To achieve the objectives set by the United Nations for 2050, investments will be necessary not only for the introduction of naval units powered by alternative fuels – whose viability heavily relies on the availability and infrastructure for their transport – but also for interventions on existing ships. In light of the heterogeneity of the fleet and the main applicable solutions considered, including biofuels, carbon dioxide capture, the use of liquid methane, nuclear energy, cold ironing and operational interventions to reduce consumption, the RINA study highlights how regulatory uniformity, within the umbrella of a supranational body, has proven to be an indispensable enabling factor to empower the shipping industry to make strategic choices promptly, ensuring the attainment of the set objectives in the short term.