The inclusion of shipping into the ETS (Emission Trading System) alongside the entry into force of the CII (Carbon Intensity Indicator) will have a “significant negative impact for shipping companies and therefore, downstream, on the entire supply chain, up to the final consumer “.
This has been reiterated by Matteo Catani, member of the Board of Directors of Assarmatori and CEO of GNV, during the panel “The energy transition in maritime transport” held by the same Association as part of the 7th Conftrasporto International Forum in Rome. Part of the panel were also Ugo Salerno, President and CEO of RINA, Ivano Russo, sole director of RAM and Maria Teresa Di Matteo, General Manager for Maritime Transport of MIMS.
“We have estimated an impact around 300 and 320 million additional costs per year for the Italian fleet due to the application of the ETS alone – recalled Catani – of which approximately 280 million for connections with the major islands and the Motorways of the Sea. This is a forecast that gaps with the policies that have lately favored, also at an economic level, maritime connections as an opportunity to decongest the roads and therefore reduce emissions. This costs increase will lead to a reduction in the competitiveness of maritime transport, with consequent modal changes towards the road.
The CII introduced by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) is the other particularly impacting and negative measure, especially for those ferries which, for reasons of service operation, spend a lot of time in port. «A real paradox – added Catani – as we will end up having a less polluting ship that stops on the quay for several hours being penalized compared to another that instead continues to sail. Another concrete risk is linked to the required necessity to reduce the speed of the Motorways of the Sea services, which would lead to a reduction of their autonomy with negative consequences that could be compared in eliminating a lane at the Brenner Pass. Energy decarbonisation must be realistic and accompanied by adequate incentives. The 500 million euros allocated via the complementary fund to the PNRR go in this direction and will help us to equip the units with the technical features necessary to employ shore-side electricity. Ports, however, must be prepared with the necessary infrastructures and following the direction undertaken by the Europe with the Fuel EU Maritime, we hope that the IMO will also take into account the real nature of the Italian ferry fleet by providing a specific corrective linked to the stop on the quay”.